Carbon has long relationship with purifying water. Almost all of the activated carbon used in aquariums (and water purification in general) starts with a base of lignite or bituminous carbon. What most don’t know is that both lignite and bituminous carbon are byproducts of the fossil fuel industry (in the form of coal waste). Because of the low ash point of these carbons they made into a powder, heated at low temperatures, then turned into a paste in order to be granulated to a universal size. The final step is to artificially increased porosity by dipping the pellets into hydrochloric acid and rinsing off. This post-production processing is required but limits the effective life span of activated carbon from days to a couple weeks.
For Millions of years, forest fires and rain flowing into streams, rivers, and oceans has been Nature’s way of cleaning itself. What makes AquaChar unique is our process burns wood to several thousand degrees higher than the ash point allowing for no post-production processing or use caustic chemicals. As the carbon molecules structures inside AquaChar it forces out impurities which are used as fuel to increase temperature. This leaves behind the lightweight carbon skeleton while keeping the the natural porosity trees use to bring water to their leaves.
Since all filtration systems are different AquaChar can be used in various ways. It can be placed in hang-on-back, cannister, sumps, inside filter socks, reactors, etc. Most important is that AquaChar and water have enough time to interact.
The most common use is to place AquaChar in a mesh bag, rinse thoroughly, and place in the canister filter or sump. Initially AquaChar will float, but will sink as it fills with organics. This extends the life and provides additional odor adsorption.
Rinse new AquaChar thoroughly before use. Any residual dust is not harmful to your aquarium and will settle inside your filter.
For use in a reactor, rinse AquaChar and start with a slower flow. Increase flow gradually for desired results but do not go beyond a moderate flow. Finding the optimum flow rate to get desired results for your system increases the life of AquaChar.
During monthly maintenance, quickly rinse off any organics using aquarium water to free any excess organics. This offers a limited regeneration within the effective lifespan of AquaChar.
When adding new AquaChar, leave the old AquaChar in the filter. This keeps the beneficial bacteria and prevents unwanted loss of the nitrogen cycle.
Note: If using a protein skimmer some adjustment might be needed the first couple days but should have no issue once water is adjusted.
AquaChar has a negative charge: Broken down (positively charged) organics is the cause of most water clarity issues. Negatively charged ions in AquaChar magnetically pull fine particulates out of the water creating crystal clear water in 12-48 hours.
AquaChar naturally buffers pH: For Freshwater AquaChar stabilizes pH between 7.5-7.7 and saltwater between 8.1-8.4. When used in saltwater aquariums, AquaChar also minimizes the nightly pH drops. This additional stability resulting in noticeably better polyp extensions and coral growth.
AquaChar works for several months: Typically 3-6+ months depending on bioload. When particles appear, add the new dose to existing AquaChar to increase the size of your septic tank!
When introduced to water: AquaChar begins to crackles and harden. You can see the oxygen bubbles being released from the surface of AquaChar as it begins to interact.
This creates a smorgasbord: AquaChar has the natural porosity trees use to bring water from roots to leaves. This massive surface area (20 bioballs per gram) of stored organics makes AquaChar the ideal support system for beneficial bacteria to colonize.
You will notice having to clean algae off the glass less often: the negative charge not only pulls fine organics but also the algae that builds on the glass.
Which creates a septic tank: Once AquaChar is colonized with beneficial bacteria, the negative charge allows for a more on demand absorption and breakdown of organics which stabilizes ammonia, nitrites, and nitrates.
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