Aquaculture, also known as aquafarming, is the farming of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic plants. Aquaculture involves cultivating freshwater and saltwater populations under controlled conditions, and can be contrasted with commercial fishing, which is the harvesting of wild fish. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aquaculture)
Mariculture is a specialized branch of aquaculture involving the cultivation of marine organisms for food and other products in the open ocean, an enclosed section of the ocean, or in tanks, ponds or raceways which are filled with seawater. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mariculture)
Tank raised, as the name suggests, are creatures that are raised in captive conditions from eggs or larvae, or juveniles that were collected from the wild. These animals are more adaptable to aquarium life than wild caught ones, because they have been living in captive conditions for almost their entire lives. Tank raised fish will readily accept prepared foods and have far lower mortality rates in aquariums.
Captive Bred fish are born in captivity from parents who are also in captivity. The parent fish may have been wild caught, tank raised, or captive bred themselves. The resulting offspring spend 100% of their lives in captivity. These animals have no impact on wild fish populations and are extremely hardy.
Fragging refers to the reproduction of corals and is accomplished by saltwater aquarists through the process of removing portions of an existing piece of coral and growing out the removed section. Fragging coral is remarkably simple and is a commmon activity amongst reef aquarists.
2. How to Set up a Saltwater Aquarium
The process of setting up and maintaining a saltwater aquarium can seem overwhelming when taken in its entirety. There are just so many new concepts and techniques to wrap your head around. Besides, you’ve no doubt heard from numerous sources how difficult the hobby can be. One slip and you’ve got a tank full of dead fish and corals, right?
Well, we’re here to let you in on a little secret: While the marine aquarium hobby is certainly not without its challenges, anyone who is willing to learn, take things one step at a time, and invest a little “elbow grease” can succeed in creating a thriving, healthy saltwater system in their own home.
Though still a work in progress, this section of Saltwater Smarts will provide all the guidance, answers, and insights you need to succeed—whether you’re completely new to the aquarium hobby or an experienced freshwater fishkeeper considering making the switch to a saltwater system.
Ask Yourself These Questions Before Starting Your First Saltwater Aquarium
Photo Credit: Pe Tor
Saltwater Smarts is a unique online resource created to inspire and entertain a new generation of marine aquarium hobbyists while helping them succeed with a saltwater system. Learn More